平行世界系列(一):港式北歐地名

挪威有跑馬地,冰島有沙田圍!?

筆者除咗鍾意語言同北歐,其中一個興趣就係有時譯下啲無聊嘢,所以之前就攞咗挪威同冰島(筆者有學挪威文同冰島文,其他國家幾時整就……遲下啦)嘅一級行政區同城鎮名譯做粵文,不過譯得嚟想儘量似香港地名,噉先有返啲親切感吖嘛。

好啦,噉過程係點呢?首先好簡單,去維基打返個白鴿轉,搵返城鎮列表,放落個 excel,之後就要開始譯喇。筆者採用嘅方法係盡可能意譯,如果有啲咩專有名詞或者人名先音譯。北歐地名往往有好多重複嘅 suffix,例如 -ø/-øy 譯做「洲」, -vik 就可以譯「灣/涌/澳」(視乎邊個順口啲);至於啲冇特別意思嘅人名,例如 Flekkefjord 就可以譯「菲力賈灣」,本身有幾乎對應嘅香港地名亦會優先採用,例如將 Sandnes 譯做「沙頭角」。

挪威地名港譯

上面有挪威嘅郡(fylke,即係一級行政區)同埋大約一百個城鎮(by),依人口排列。由上圖可見,見到有唔少重複嘅部分,主要係一啲地理特徵,例如「山、島、鄉、澳」等等,筆者傾向用啲香港特有嘅地名 suffix,例如「涌、埗、凹」,增添下香港味。至於首都奧斯陸就譯咗做「坪輋」,因爲本身 Oslo 係解「山腳嘅草原」,對應返坪輋呢個名(「輋」根據《卍齋瑣錄》卷三係解「近山之地」,係咪真係就唔知啦,不過見咁啱有個差唔多意思嘅字就攞嚟用)。

冰島地名港譯

至於冰島相對比較少人,所以無論係分區(landshluti)抑或城鎮都少啲,大概得三十個城鎮到。冰島嘅行政區劃劃分得比較模糊,除咗選區,比較常用就係統計用嘅八區分法。冰島啲地名有好多同挪威有相同嘅 suffix,例如冰島文嘅 -vík/-fjörður 對應挪威文嘅 -vik/-fjord。其他地名都係照辦煮碗,揀嘅字似返香港地名(不過冰島好多同海豹有關嘅地名,好似直接譯都 OK)。

考下大家眼力,睇下大家搵到幾多個真・香港地名,識北歐語言嘅朋友又睇下搵唔搵到啲譯名係對應原文邊個部分啦!同埋都希望遲啲可以出到其他北歐國家嘅地名港譯。

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語言學畢業,興趣係成日諗寫咩好但係唔落筆|Linguistics graduate whose favourite past-time is to think of what he can write instead of actually writing

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淵維 Vatnið

淵維 Vatnið

語言學畢業,興趣係成日諗寫咩好但係唔落筆|Linguistics graduate whose favourite past-time is to think of what he can write instead of actually writing

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